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Student Guide: Writing a Research Paper Outline

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❶Okay, I have to admit that writing is not my biggest strength, and it has never been one; and the idea of having to write a word essay scared me.

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Research Paper Outline Examples. Retrieved Sep 14, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. No problem, save it as a course and come back to it later.

Share this page on your website: This article is a part of the guide: Select from one of the other courses available: Check out our quiz-page with tests about: Back to Overview "Write a Paper". Search over articles on psychology, science, and experiments. It can sometimes be useful to insert the quotations that may be used and subsequent analysis into a sentence outline.

Once the outline is complete, the next step is writing the paper. A paper can be started at any point in the outline, although a writer should try to follow the flow of the outline as much as possible. As the paper develops, it might diverge from the original outline. It may be that the act of writing these ideas out has spawned new ideas that simply need to be added to the outline.

A good method for checking for this a retro-outline, which is an outline created from the paper once it is written partially or entirely. This method is quite useful before handing in any paper, regardless if there was an initial outline.

If it is difficult to create a retro-outline that makes sense and is clearly organized, then the paper needs revision. The retro-outline can help by showing where the organization has broken down. Crafting an Outline 1. Potential Outline Structures The standard order of an outline is: Capital letters A, B, C, etc.

Arabic numerals 1, 2, 3, etc. Small letters a, b, c, etc. Small Roman numerals i, ii, iii, iv, v, etc. Topic Outlines Topic outlines help a writer see a larger structure through a series of short ideas. An example of a topic outline is: What is an outline? Analysis Each part of the outline consists of just a few words and conveys the basic idea of what belongs there without going into too much detail.

Sentence Outlines In contrast to a topic outline, a sentence outline goes into the little details of the paper and can therefore be useful for more complex topics, or providing a more detailed structures.

An outline formally arranges and develops ideas B. Do not include any information that is not relevant to your topic, and do not include information that you do not understand. Make sure the information that you have noted is carefully recorded and in your own words, if possible. Plagiarism is definitely out of the question. Document all ideas borrowed or quotes used very accurately.

As you organize your notes, jot down detailed bibliographical information for each cited paragraph and have it ready to transfer to your Works Cited page. Devise your own method to organize your notes. One method may be to mark with a different color ink or use a hi-liter to identify sections in your outline, e. Group your notes following the outline codes you have assigned to your notes, e.

This method will enable you to quickly put all your resources in the right place as you organize your notes according to your outline. Start with the first topic in your outline. Read all the relevant notes you have gathered that have been marked, e. Summarize, paraphrase or quote directly for each idea you plan to use in your essay.

Use a technique that suits you, e. Mark each card or sheet of paper clearly with your outline code or reference, e. Put all your note cards or paper in the order of your outline, e.

If using a word processor, create meaningful filenames that match your outline codes for easy cut and paste as you type up your final paper, e. Before you know it, you have a well organized term paper completed exactly as outlined. The unusual symbol will make it easy for you to find the exact location again. Delete the symbol once editing is completed.

Read your paper for any content errors. Double check the facts and figures. Arrange and rearrange ideas to follow your outline.

Reorganize your outline if necessary, but always keep the purpose of your paper and your readers in mind. Use a free grammar and proof reading checker such as Grammarly.

Is my thesis statement concise and clear? Did I follow my outline? Did I miss anything? Are my arguments presented in a logical sequence? Are all sources properly cited to ensure that I am not plagiarizing? Have I proved my thesis with strong supporting arguments? Have I made my intentions and points clear in the essay?

Re-read your paper for grammatical errors. Use a dictionary or a thesaurus as needed. Do a spell check. Correct all errors that you can spot and improve the overall quality of the paper to the best of your ability.

Get someone else to read it over. Sometimes a second pair of eyes can see mistakes that you missed. Did I begin each paragraph with a proper topic sentence? Have I supported my arguments with documented proof or examples? Any run-on or unfinished sentences? Any unnecessary or repetitious words? Varying lengths of sentences? Does one paragraph or idea flow smoothly into the next?

Any spelling or grammatical errors? Quotes accurate in source, spelling, and punctuation? Are all my citations accurate and in correct format? Did I avoid using contractions? Did I use third person as much as possible? Have I made my points clear and interesting but remained objective? Did I leave a sense of completion for my reader s at the end of the paper?


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Student Guide: Writing a Research Paper Outline. The outline for a Literary Essay will also help you. Anyway, the main parts are as follows: Introduction ; Body ; Conclusion; Seems not that hard, right?! But the fact is that each of the points encompasses a wide range of information for you to arrange in your research outline about animals.

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Sample Essay Outlines Why Write an Outline? An outline will help you organize your main ideas and determine the order in which you are going to write about them.

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Writing a Paper: Outlining Print Page Report a if you are having trouble revising a paper, making an outline of each paragraph and its topic sentence after you have written your paper can be an effective way justify the discussion of this topic by pointing out a connection to a current problem that your paper will help. An essay outline can even help you determine the length of each paragraph. Especially in cases where you are limited to a number of pages or assigned a word count, you can use an essay outline to break the structure into percentages or words.

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Jul 07,  · How to Write an Outline. Your thesis will help guide your outline as you create sections and subsections organizing your information. However, using full sentences can help you better understand your ideas. If you’re writing a paper based on your outline, then full sentences will give you a head start on your final paper%(12). Then you’ll get the chance to access some awesome essay outline templates to help you start writing a well-planned and strongly organized paper that wows your professor.